Following the path prevention‒diagnosis‒treatment‒convalescence, it is easily understood how robotic technologies can make a significant contribution both to improving the quality of care and to savings in public health costs. Prevention is enhanced by using telepresence devices to be used in hospitals, allowing remote communication, psychological support for patients and their assistance without the direct intervention of medical staff. Diagnosis is amended by introducing more accurate and more extensive screening systems of patients, both local and remote, e.g. robotic biopsies and satellite centres for tele-echography inspections. The current robotic surgery systems gain ground by the adoption of high-quality intervention solutions at a reduced cost. Robotic aids help maintain the independence and active life of the elderly, as well as they allow for early diagnosis of pathologies, care of patients at home during convalescence after surgery, supervision of drug use, carrying out continuous cycles of rehabilitation therapies.
- Enhancing Healthcare with Assistive Robotic Mobile Manipulation
- January 2019 - July 2022
- 827,250 €
- Bioptic Adavanced Robotic Technologies in OncoLOgy
- October 2018 - September 2020
- 3,148,453 €
- Micro-mechanical and robotic tools for the diagnosis and therapy of prostate cancer
- April 2018 - September 2020
- 8,754,244 €
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequent malignancy in men, with a worldwide incidence of 60-99 new cases/100,000 a year. In Italy, PCa represents 18% of male cancers and accounts for 8% of mortality. The aim of this project is to design and develop new medical devices to improve our ability to diagnose and cure PCa. First, we want to generate a high-precision device for prostate cancer biopsy, based on the implementation of a robotic arm allowing targeted bioptic sampling based on the information gained from magnetic resonance and ultrasound images. Second, we want to develop an advanced prototype for treatment of PCa, exploiting the selective effects of micro-mechanical vibration stress on tumor cells, thus killing them while sparing neighbour healthy cells. The robotic system for prostate-guided needle biopsy is conceived as a system capable of self-learning through the storage and processing of maps derived from prostatic imaging.
- MUltifunctional Smart HAnds: novel insight for new technological insight for mini-invasive surgical tools and artificial anthropomorphic hands
- February 2017 - January 2019
- 95,000 €
MUSHA aims at creating future generations of bio-inspired tools and advanced bio-aware manipulation paradigms toward breakthrough mini-invasive surgical instruments and android robotic hands. Bio-inspired mechanical design leads to reduction of tools’ weight and dimension by limiting the number of actuators while preserving dexterity and manipulation capabilities. A fiber optic sensor is to be integrated to measure the contact forces exchanged with the environment and the temperature of the touched materials. MUSHA arises from the need to replicate human manipulation capabilities in various fields where robotics can help to improve life. These include unstructured environments in which a humanoid robot must replace the human being or parts of the body to address daily-life tasks, as well as minimally invasive robotic surgery where the surgeon is unable to use hands to manipulate organs and tissues while feeling their anatomy, consistency and temperature.